The Grand Umayyad Mosque in Damascus is one of the most important architectural and religious foundations in the Middle East and the Islamic world. It was, and still is, the hub of the community for religious, political and social matters.

C.I.T.E. reinforced and treated the east minaret of the Umayyad Mosque, known as the Jesus Minaret. It had already been rebuilt several times, the latest being after an earthquake in 1759. Islamic tradition says Jesus will return to earth on this white minaret at the end of time.


C.I.T.E. also treated and protected the stone walls and exquisite ornamentation of the west minaret, called the Kattbai or Al-Maskiya Minaret. It was severely damaged in 1479 and rebuilt by the Mamluk Sultan Abu Al-Nasr Kattbai Al-Mahmoudi in 1488.



In another phase of the project, C.I.T.E. treated the mosque's rooftop and the north tower. The latter is named the Aroos (or Bride) Minaret because of the way it looks when lit up by lanterns on special occasions.



A wall of the Umayyad Mosque before treatment and waterproofing

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